As the Mediterranean gradually became the scene of a great amount of trade, the flow of merchandise, cultures, and ideas required an easier way to write. So, between 1800 and 1300 B.C. the Semitic people of the eastern Mediterranean region developed the first true alphabet, where each symbol represented single speech sounds, rejecting the previous combination systems. This alphabet was spread widely by the Phoenicians, and became the source of most modern types of writing.
The early Phoenician alphabet consisted of only consonants.
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